This report describes the physics case, the resulting detector requirements, and the evolving detector concepts for the experimental program at the Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). The EIC will be a powerful new high-luminosity facility in the United States with the capability to collide high-energy electron beams with high-energy proton and ion beams, providing access to those regions in the nucleon and nuclei where their structure is dominated by gluons. Moreover, polarized beams in the EIC will give unprecedented access to the spatial and spin structure of the proton, neutron, and light ions. The studies leading to this document were commissioned and organized by the EIC User Group with the objective of advancing the state and detail of the physics program and developing detector concepts that meet the emerging requirements in preparation for the realization of the EIC. The effort aims to provide the basis for further development of concepts for experimental equipment best suited for the science needs, including the importance of two complementary detectors and interaction regions. This report consists of three volumes. Volume I is an executive summary of our findings and developed concepts. In Volume II we describe studies of a wide range of physics measurements and the emerging requirements on detector acceptance and performance. Volume III discusses general-purpose detector concepts and the underlying technologies to meet the physics requirements. These considerations will form the basis for a world-class experimental program that aims to increase our understanding of the fundamental structure of all visible matter

Science Requirements and Detector Concepts for the Electron-Ion Collider: EIC Yellow Report

M. G. Alexeev;M. Boglione;M. Chiosso;J. O. Gonzalez Hernandez;E. R. Nocera;
2021

Abstract

This report describes the physics case, the resulting detector requirements, and the evolving detector concepts for the experimental program at the Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). The EIC will be a powerful new high-luminosity facility in the United States with the capability to collide high-energy electron beams with high-energy proton and ion beams, providing access to those regions in the nucleon and nuclei where their structure is dominated by gluons. Moreover, polarized beams in the EIC will give unprecedented access to the spatial and spin structure of the proton, neutron, and light ions. The studies leading to this document were commissioned and organized by the EIC User Group with the objective of advancing the state and detail of the physics program and developing detector concepts that meet the emerging requirements in preparation for the realization of the EIC. The effort aims to provide the basis for further development of concepts for experimental equipment best suited for the science needs, including the importance of two complementary detectors and interaction regions. This report consists of three volumes. Volume I is an executive summary of our findings and developed concepts. In Volume II we describe studies of a wide range of physics measurements and the emerging requirements on detector acceptance and performance. Volume III discusses general-purpose detector concepts and the underlying technologies to meet the physics requirements. These considerations will form the basis for a world-class experimental program that aims to increase our understanding of the fundamental structure of all visible matter
http://arxiv.org/abs/2103.05419v3
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; High Energy Physics - Experiment; High Energy Physics - Phenomenology; Nuclear Experiment; Nuclear Theory
R. Abdul Khalek; A. Accardi; J. Adam; D. Adamiak; W. Akers; M. Albaladejo; A. Al-bataineh; M. G. Alexeev; F. Ameli; P. Antonioli; N. Armesto; W. R. Armstrong; M. Arratia; J. Arrington; A. Asaturyan; M. Asai; E. C. Aschenauer; S. Aune; H. Avagyan; C. Ayerbe Gayoso; B. Azmoun; A. Bacchetta; M. D. Baker; F. Barbosa; L. Barion; K. N. Barish; P. C. Barry; M. Battaglieri; A. Bazilevsky; N. K. Behera; F. Benmokhtar; V. V. Berdnikov; J. C. Bernauer; V. Bertone; S. Bhattacharya; C. Bissolotti; D. Boer; M. Boglione; M. Bondì; P. Boora; I. Borsa; F. Bossù; G. Bozzi; J. D. Brandenburg; N. Brei; A. Bressan; W. K. Brooks; S. Bufalino; M. H. S. Bukhari; V. Burkert; N. H. Buttimore; A. Camsonne; A. Celentano; F. G. Celiberto; W. Chang; C. Chatterjee; K. Chen; T. Chetry; T. Chiarusi; Y. -T. Chien; M. Chiosso; X. Chu; E. Chudakov; G. Cicala; E. Cisbani; I. C. Cloet; C. Cocuzza; P. L. Cole; D. Colella; J. L. Collins II; M. Constantinou; M. Contalbrigo; G. Contin; R. Corliss; W. Cosyn; A. Courtoy; J. Crafts; R. Cruz-Torres; R. C. Cuevas; U. D'Alesio; S. Dalla Torre; D. Das; S. S. Dasgupta; C. Da Silva; W. Deconinck; M. Defurne; W. DeGraw; K. Dehmelt; A. Del Dotto; F. Delcarro; A. Deshpande; W. Detmold; R. De Vita; M. Diefenthaler; C. Dilks; D. U. Dixit; S. Dulat; A. Dumitru; R. Dupré; J. M. Durham; M. G. Echevarria; L. El Fassi; D. Elia; R. Ent; R. Esha; J. J. Ethier; O. Evdokimov; K. O. Eyser; C. Fanelli; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; C. Fernandez-Ramirez; M. Finger; M. Finger Jr.; D. Fitzgerald; C. Flore; T. Frederico; I. Friščić; S. Fucini; S. Furletov; Y. Furletova; C. Gal; L. Gamberg; H. Gao; P. Garg; D. Gaskell; K. Gates; M. B. Gay Ducati; M. Gericke; G. Gil da Silveira; F. -X. Girod; D. I. Glazier; K. Gnanvo; V. P. Goncalves; L. Gonella; J. O. Gonzalez Hernandez; Y. Goto; F. Grancagnolo; L. C. Greiner; W. Guryn; V. Guzey; Y. Hatta; M. Hattawy; F. Hauenstein; X. He; T. K. Hemmick; O. Hen; G. Heyes; D. W. Higinbotham; A. N. Hiller Blin; T. J. Hobbs; M. Hohlmann; T. Horn; T. -J. Hou; J. Huang; Q. Huang; G. M. Huber; C. E. Hyde; G. Iakovidis; Y. Ilieva; B. V. Jacak; P. M. Jacobs; M. Jadhav; Z. Janoska; A. Jentsch; T. Jezo; X. Jing; P. G. Jones; K. Joo; S. Joosten; V. Kafka; N. Kalantarians; G. Kalicy; D. Kang; Z. B. Kang; K. Kauder; S. J. D. Kay; C. E. Keppel; J. Kim; A. Kiselev; M. Klasen; S. Klein; H. T. Klest; O. Korchak; A. Kostina; P. Kotko; Y. V. Kovchegov; M. Krelina; S. Kuleshov; S. Kumano; K. S. Kumar; R. Kumar; L. Kumar; K. Kumerički; A. Kusina; K. Kutak; Y. S. Lai; K. Lalwani; T. Lappi; J. Lauret; M. Lavinsky; D. Lawrence; D. Lednicky; C. Lee; K. Lee; S. H. Lee; S. Levorato; H. Li; S. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; W. B. Li; T. Ligonzo; H. Liu; M. X. Liu; X. Liu; S. Liuti; N. Liyanage; C. Lorcé; Z. Lu; G. Lucero; N. S. Lukow; E. Lunghi; R. Majka; Y. Makris; I. Mandjavidze; S. Mantry; H. Mäntysaari; F. Marhauser; P. Markowitz; L. Marsicano; A. Mastroserio; V. Mathieu; Y. Mehtar-Tani; W. Melnitchouk; L. Mendez; A. Metz; Z. -E. Meziani; C. Mezrag; M. Mihovilovič; R. Milner; M. Mirazita; H. Mkrtchyan; A. Mkrtchyan; V. Mochalov; V. Moiseev; M. M. Mondal; A. Morreale; D. Morrison; L. Motyka; H. Moutarde; C. Muñoz Camacho; F. Murgia; M. J. Murray; P. Musico; P. Nadel-Turonski; P. M. Nadolsky; J. Nam; P. R. Newman; D. Neyret; D. Nguyen; E. R. Nocera; F. Noferini; F. Noto; A. S. Nunes; V. A. Okorokov; F. Olness; J. D. Osborn; B. S. Page; S. Park; A. Parker; K. Paschke; B. Pasquini; H. Paukkunen; S. Paul; C. Pecar; I. L. Pegg; C. Pellegrino; C. Peng; L. Pentchev; R. Perrino; F. Petriello; R. Petti; A. Pilloni; C. Pinkenburg; B. Pire; C. Pisano; D. Pitonyak; A. A. Poblaguev; T. Polakovic; M. Posik; M. Potekhin; R. Preghenella; S. Preins; A. Prokudin; P. Pujahari; M. L. Purschke; J. R. Pybus; M. Radici; R. Rajput-Ghoshal; P. E. Reimer; M. Rinaldi; F. Ringer; C. D. Roberts; S. Rodini; J. Rojo; D. Romanov; P. Rossi; E. Santopinto; M. Sarsour; R. Sassot; N. Sato; B. Schenke; W. B. Schmidke; I. Schmidt; A. Schmidt; B. Schmookler; G. Schnell; P. Schweitzer; J. Schwiening; I. Scimemi; S. Scopetta; J. Segovia; R. Seidl; S. Sekula; K. Semenov-Tian-Shanskiy; D. Y. Shao; N. Sherrill; E. Sichtermann; M. Siddikov; A. Signori; B. K. Singh; S. Širca; K. Slifer; W. Slominski; D. Sokhan; W. E. Sondheim; Y. Song; O. Soto; H. Spiesberger; A. M. Stasto; P. Stepanov; G. Sterman; J. R. Stevens; I. W. Stewart; I. Strakovsky; M. Strikman; M. Sturm; M. L. Stutzman; M. Sullivan; B. Surrow; P. Svihra; S. Syritsyn; A. Szczepaniak; P. Sznajder; H. Szumila-Vance; L. Szymanowski; A. S. Tadepalli; J. D. Tapia Takaki; G. F. Tassielli; J. Terry; F. Tessarotto; K. Tezgin; L. Tomasek; F. Torales Acosta; P. Tribedy; A. Tricoli; Triloki; S. Tripathi; R. L. Trotta; O. D. Tsai; Z. Tu; C. Tuvè; T. Ullrich; M. Ungaro; G. M. Urciuoli; A. Valentini; P. Vancura; M. Vandenbroucke; C. Van Hulse; G. Varner; R. Venugopalan; I. Vitev; A. Vladimirov; G. Volpe; A. Vossen; E. Voutier; J. Wagner; S. Wallon; H. Wang; Q. Wang; X. Wang; S. Y. Wei; C. Weiss; T. Wenaus; H. Wennlöf; N. Wickramaarachchi; A. Wikramanayake; D. Winney; C. P. Wong; C. Woody; L. Xia; B. W. Xiao; J. Xie; H. Xing; Q. H. Xu; J. Zhang; S. Zhang; Z. Zhang; Z. W. Zhao; Y. X. Zhao; L. Zheng; Y. Zhou; P. Zurita
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