C6O4 is a water soluble perfluoroether carboxylic acid ammonium salt used as surfactant in the synthesis of fluompolymers. Available experimental data in rats exposed by the oral route indicate it is eliminated in urine. Previous studies with various linear perfluomcarboxylic acids have suggested that these compounds are substrates of renal membrane transporters in rats and humans, and that the interaction with basal and apical membrane transporters can influence the elimination kinetic by these organisms and explain, in part, the observed differences in the respective half-lives. In particular, apical transporters may contribute to the reuptake of these exogenous compounds from the tubule lumen. The present study was designed to investigate the uptake of C6O4 in two renal cell lines transiently transfected with the human apical membrane transporters, organic anion transporter 4 (OAT4), and urate transporter 1 (URAT1). The uptake of the linear perfluorohexanoic acid (PFC6) was evaluated in parallel. While the uptake of the conjugated steroid estrone-3-sulfate (E3S), a known substrate for renal transporters, and of PFC6 was clearly observed in both cell types transfected with either OAT4 or URAT1, no significant uptake of C6O4 was measured under the same test conditions. The results of the transporter's functionality measured in vitro were consistent with molecular docking simulations. Both outward and inward models of the transporters showed a reduced interaction between C6O4 and URAT1 or OAT4. In contrast, more stable interactions were predicted for PFC6 and PFOA, as well as for the E3S substrate, as shown by the respective docking scores reflecting the binding strength and by the poses assumed in the transporter channels. Altogether, the in vitro and in silico modeling results showed a low reuptake potential and limited interactions of C6O4 molecule with two human apical membrane transporters, contrasting with the more efficient reuptake of PFC6 from the tubule lumen. These results suggest reabsorption from the proximal tubule by apical renal transporters is not likely to interfere with the elimination pathway of C6O4 in humans.

Lack of interaction of the fluorosurfactant C6O4 with human renal transporters: In vitro/in silico analysis

Bruno, Stefania
Co-first
;
Bersani, Matteo
Co-first
;
Astore, Serena;Chiabotto, Giulia;Barge, Alessandro;Binello, Arianna;Spyrakis, Francesca
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

C6O4 is a water soluble perfluoroether carboxylic acid ammonium salt used as surfactant in the synthesis of fluompolymers. Available experimental data in rats exposed by the oral route indicate it is eliminated in urine. Previous studies with various linear perfluomcarboxylic acids have suggested that these compounds are substrates of renal membrane transporters in rats and humans, and that the interaction with basal and apical membrane transporters can influence the elimination kinetic by these organisms and explain, in part, the observed differences in the respective half-lives. In particular, apical transporters may contribute to the reuptake of these exogenous compounds from the tubule lumen. The present study was designed to investigate the uptake of C6O4 in two renal cell lines transiently transfected with the human apical membrane transporters, organic anion transporter 4 (OAT4), and urate transporter 1 (URAT1). The uptake of the linear perfluorohexanoic acid (PFC6) was evaluated in parallel. While the uptake of the conjugated steroid estrone-3-sulfate (E3S), a known substrate for renal transporters, and of PFC6 was clearly observed in both cell types transfected with either OAT4 or URAT1, no significant uptake of C6O4 was measured under the same test conditions. The results of the transporter's functionality measured in vitro were consistent with molecular docking simulations. Both outward and inward models of the transporters showed a reduced interaction between C6O4 and URAT1 or OAT4. In contrast, more stable interactions were predicted for PFC6 and PFOA, as well as for the E3S substrate, as shown by the respective docking scores reflecting the binding strength and by the poses assumed in the transporter channels. Altogether, the in vitro and in silico modeling results showed a low reuptake potential and limited interactions of C6O4 molecule with two human apical membrane transporters, contrasting with the more efficient reuptake of PFC6 from the tubule lumen. These results suggest reabsorption from the proximal tubule by apical renal transporters is not likely to interfere with the elimination pathway of C6O4 in humans.
2022
476
153257
153266
Kidney; Molecular docking; OAT4; Perfluorocarboxylic acids; Perfluoroether carboxylic acid; Perfluorooctanoic acid; URAT1; Animals; Biological Transport; Humans; Kidney; Membrane Transport Proteins; Molecular Docking Simulation; Rats; Organic Anion Transporters
Bruno, Stefania; Bersani, Matteo; Astore, Serena; Chiabotto, Giulia; Barge, Alessandro; Binello, Arianna; Spyrakis, Francesca
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0300483X2200169X-main.pdf

Accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo versione dell'editore - open access
Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 5.51 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.51 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1879886
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact