KRIT1 loss-of-function mutations underlie the pathogenesis of Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (CCM), a major vascular disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). However, KRIT1 is also expressed outside the CNS and modulates key regulators of metabolic and oxy-inflammatory pathways, including the master transcription factor FoxO1, suggesting a widespread functional significance. Herein, we show that the KRIT1/FoxO1 axis is implicated in liver metabolic functions and antioxidative/antiglycative defenses. Indeed, by performing comparative studies in KRIT1 heterozygous (KRIT1(+/-)) and wild-type mice, we found that KRIT1 haploinsufficiency resulted in FoxO1 expression/activity downregulation in the liver, and affected hepatic FoxO1-dependent signaling pathways, which are markers of major metabolic processes, including gluconeogenesis, glycolysis, mitochondrial respiration, and glycogen synthesis. Moreover, it caused sustained activation of the master antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2, hepatic accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and abnormal expression/activity of AGE receptors and detoxifying systems. Furthermore, it was associated with an impairment of food intake, systemic glucose disposal, and plasma levels of insulin. Specific molecular alterations detected in the liver of KRIT1(+/-) mice were also confirmed in KRIT1 knockout cells. Overall, our findings demonstrated, for the first time, that KRIT1 haploinsufficiency affects glucose homeostasis and liver metabolic and antioxidative/antiglycative functions, thus inspiring future basic and translational studies.

Heterozygous Loss of KRIT1 in Mice Affects Metabolic Functions of the Liver, Promoting Hepatic Oxidative and Glycative Stress

Mastrocola, Raffaella
First
;
Aimaretti, Eleonora;Ferreira Alves, Gustavo;Cento, Alessia Sofia;Fornelli, Claudia;Dal Bello, Federica;Ferraris, Chiara;Goitre, Luca;Perrelli, Andrea;Retta, Saverio Francesco
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

KRIT1 loss-of-function mutations underlie the pathogenesis of Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (CCM), a major vascular disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). However, KRIT1 is also expressed outside the CNS and modulates key regulators of metabolic and oxy-inflammatory pathways, including the master transcription factor FoxO1, suggesting a widespread functional significance. Herein, we show that the KRIT1/FoxO1 axis is implicated in liver metabolic functions and antioxidative/antiglycative defenses. Indeed, by performing comparative studies in KRIT1 heterozygous (KRIT1(+/-)) and wild-type mice, we found that KRIT1 haploinsufficiency resulted in FoxO1 expression/activity downregulation in the liver, and affected hepatic FoxO1-dependent signaling pathways, which are markers of major metabolic processes, including gluconeogenesis, glycolysis, mitochondrial respiration, and glycogen synthesis. Moreover, it caused sustained activation of the master antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2, hepatic accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and abnormal expression/activity of AGE receptors and detoxifying systems. Furthermore, it was associated with an impairment of food intake, systemic glucose disposal, and plasma levels of insulin. Specific molecular alterations detected in the liver of KRIT1(+/-) mice were also confirmed in KRIT1 knockout cells. Overall, our findings demonstrated, for the first time, that KRIT1 haploinsufficiency affects glucose homeostasis and liver metabolic and antioxidative/antiglycative functions, thus inspiring future basic and translational studies.
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https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36232456/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9570113/pdf/ijms-23-11151.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9570113/
https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/23/19/11151
FoxO1; KRIT1/CCM1; Nrf2; adaptive redox and metabolic homeostasis; advanced glycation end-products (AGEs); hepatic antioxidant and antiglycative defenses; hepatic glucose metabolism; hepatic insulin signaling; redox-metabolic interplay; Animals; Antioxidants; Glucose; Glycogen; KRIT1 Protein; Liver; Mice; Oxidative Stress; Insulins; NF-E2-Related Factor 2
Mastrocola, Raffaella; Aimaretti, Eleonora; Ferreira Alves, Gustavo; Cento, Alessia Sofia; Fornelli, Claudia; Dal Bello, Federica; Ferraris, Chiara; Goitre, Luca; Perrelli, Andrea; Retta, Saverio Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1881438
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