Yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (Y-ADH) is widely studied for its biotechnological importance and various attempts to improve its catalytic properties have been made. In this paper, a catalytically active metal-substituted Y-ADH was prepared in vitro by substituting one zinc atom with copper. EPR and Raman spectroscopy suggest that copper maintains the same coordination geometry as zinc in native Y-ADH. The active Cu-ADH shows lower substrate affinity and lower specific activity (SA) than native ADH, but greater than a previously obtained Co-ADH. Furthermore, Cu-ADH maintains its catalytic efficiency in a wider pH range than native enzyme
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