Irrigation is not a traditional practice in Piedmont, but in recent years high summer temperatures and persistent drought have spurred interest and application toward this practice also in this region. We tested drip irrigation on two major red wine cultivars of this area, Dolcetto and Barbera, the latter in two different locations. Irrigation was applied from start July to veraison following a regulated deficit calculation model. Three water levels were given at weekly intervals, on the base of a 10% (T1), 20% (T2), and 40% (T3) of the weekly amount of grape evapotranspiration calculated through the Blaney-Criddle formula. In the year of the experiment (2005), total water applied ranged between 15 and 60 mm during the irrigation period (five weeks), according to the three deficit levels. According to a hydrological soil model, in not irrigated soil water content was lower than 50% of the easily usable water content from start July till end November. Irrigation shorted this critical period, resulting from half July to end October for T1 treatment; from start August to half September for T2; and from half August till end August for T3. Soil moisture and leaf water potential were positively affected by irrigation while total leaf area and leaf shading were not affected in Barbera and increased in the irrigated treatments in Dolcetto. Irrigation induced an increase in cluster weight and yield per plant. In Barbera, irrigation caused increased sugar concentration and lower acidity in both experimental fields. In Dolcetto, irrigation induced a slight decrease in sugar content and an increase in acidity. The content of total anthocyanins increased in irrigated plants in Barbera and was little affected in Dolcetto. The concentration of total polyphenols was not affected by the irrigation treatment. These results show that regulated deficit irrigation in Piedmont has the potential to affect quality of grapes. These effects are dependent on the grape genotype and the vineyard localization.

Effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on grape development and fruit composition in Piedmont (Italy)

SCHUBERT, Andrea;LOVISOLO, Claudio;GUIDONI, Silvia;FERRARIS, Stefano;SACCO, Dario;NOVELLO, Vittorino
2007

Abstract

Irrigation is not a traditional practice in Piedmont, but in recent years high summer temperatures and persistent drought have spurred interest and application toward this practice also in this region. We tested drip irrigation on two major red wine cultivars of this area, Dolcetto and Barbera, the latter in two different locations. Irrigation was applied from start July to veraison following a regulated deficit calculation model. Three water levels were given at weekly intervals, on the base of a 10% (T1), 20% (T2), and 40% (T3) of the weekly amount of grape evapotranspiration calculated through the Blaney-Criddle formula. In the year of the experiment (2005), total water applied ranged between 15 and 60 mm during the irrigation period (five weeks), according to the three deficit levels. According to a hydrological soil model, in not irrigated soil water content was lower than 50% of the easily usable water content from start July till end November. Irrigation shorted this critical period, resulting from half July to end October for T1 treatment; from start August to half September for T2; and from half August till end August for T3. Soil moisture and leaf water potential were positively affected by irrigation while total leaf area and leaf shading were not affected in Barbera and increased in the irrigated treatments in Dolcetto. Irrigation induced an increase in cluster weight and yield per plant. In Barbera, irrigation caused increased sugar concentration and lower acidity in both experimental fields. In Dolcetto, irrigation induced a slight decrease in sugar content and an increase in acidity. The content of total anthocyanins increased in irrigated plants in Barbera and was little affected in Dolcetto. The concentration of total polyphenols was not affected by the irrigation treatment. These results show that regulated deficit irrigation in Piedmont has the potential to affect quality of grapes. These effects are dependent on the grape genotype and the vineyard localization.
Congress on Climate and viticulture.
Zaragoza
10-14 avril 2007
Proc. Congress on Climate and viticulture.
Gobierno de Aragón
380
383
SCHUBERT A; LOVISOLO C; BRAGAGNOLO S; GUIDONI S.; RABINO M; PARAVIDINO E; SPANNA F; FERRARIS S; SACCO D.; NOVELLO V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/23793
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