This study investigates how flashbulb memories (FBMs) relative to the death of Pope John Paul II vary according to the persons’ evaluation of the event’s importance and consequences. In particular, FBMs were investigated in persons who were expected to attribute different degrees of importance/consequentiality to the event as a function of two factors: (1) religious involvement, (2) nationality (Polish, Italian, Swiss). The comparison was made with respect to the following hypothesized determinants of FBMs: surprise, emotional reaction, rehearsal, event memory and especially the attitudes towards the Pope and the appraisal of the importance and the consequences of his death. Structural equation modelling indicates that importance/consequentiality is a fundamental determinant of FBM and is influenced by antecedent personal and social characteristics reflected in the person’s attitudes. Moreover, memory consistency seems to be both directly influenced by emotional intensity and indirectly through rehearsal, whereas surprise seems not a critical determinant of FBM.

The Role of Importance/Consequentiality Appraisal in Flashbulb Memory Formation: The Case of the Death of Pope John Paul II.

TINTI, Carla;SCHMIDT, Susanna;TESTA, Silvia;
2009-01-01

Abstract

This study investigates how flashbulb memories (FBMs) relative to the death of Pope John Paul II vary according to the persons’ evaluation of the event’s importance and consequences. In particular, FBMs were investigated in persons who were expected to attribute different degrees of importance/consequentiality to the event as a function of two factors: (1) religious involvement, (2) nationality (Polish, Italian, Swiss). The comparison was made with respect to the following hypothesized determinants of FBMs: surprise, emotional reaction, rehearsal, event memory and especially the attitudes towards the Pope and the appraisal of the importance and the consequences of his death. Structural equation modelling indicates that importance/consequentiality is a fundamental determinant of FBM and is influenced by antecedent personal and social characteristics reflected in the person’s attitudes. Moreover, memory consistency seems to be both directly influenced by emotional intensity and indirectly through rehearsal, whereas surprise seems not a critical determinant of FBM.
2009
23
236
253
Flashbulb memory; emotions; appraisal
TINTI C.; SCHMIDT S.; SOTGIU I.; TESTA S.; CURCI A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/28583
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