A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) suitable for the determination of the fungicide benalaxyl (methyl N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylyl alaninate) has been developed. A derivative of benalaxyl (4-[2-(N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylylamino) propionamido]butyric acid) has been synthesized and linked to bovine serum albumin using the N-hydroxysuccinimide reaction. The immunogen was used to immunize three mice and one chicken, which responded by producing specific antibodies to benalaxyl with negligible cross-reactivity to various structurally related pesticides. The calibration curves obtained on two different types of haptens on solid phase (N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6- xylyl alanine - ovoalbumin conjugate and 4-[2-(N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylylamino)propionamido]butyric acid - ovoalbumin conjugate) show that it is possible to set up a specific assay for benalaxyl in aqueous samples. Detection limits of 0.35 mug/l (with mouse antibodies) and 0.20 mug/l (with chicken antibody) are obtained with a working range of about 0.5±50 mug/l. The suitability of the ELISA for benalaxyl quantification in wine was also studied. Therefore, samples were spiked with benalaxyl in the 0.5-200 mug/l range and directly analyzed without any pretreatment other than a 1 3 dilution in PBS to minimize matrix effects. Good accuracy and precision were obtained with recoveries ranging from about 80% to 120% in a working range of 2-50 mug/l. No false positive was found

Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for benalaxyl and its application to the analysis of water and wine

GIRAUDI, Gianfranco;BAGGIANI, Claudio;GIOVANNOLI, Cristina;VANNI, Adriano;
1999

Abstract

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) suitable for the determination of the fungicide benalaxyl (methyl N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylyl alaninate) has been developed. A derivative of benalaxyl (4-[2-(N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylylamino) propionamido]butyric acid) has been synthesized and linked to bovine serum albumin using the N-hydroxysuccinimide reaction. The immunogen was used to immunize three mice and one chicken, which responded by producing specific antibodies to benalaxyl with negligible cross-reactivity to various structurally related pesticides. The calibration curves obtained on two different types of haptens on solid phase (N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6- xylyl alanine - ovoalbumin conjugate and 4-[2-(N-phenylacetyl-N-2,6-xylylamino)propionamido]butyric acid - ovoalbumin conjugate) show that it is possible to set up a specific assay for benalaxyl in aqueous samples. Detection limits of 0.35 mug/l (with mouse antibodies) and 0.20 mug/l (with chicken antibody) are obtained with a working range of about 0.5±50 mug/l. The suitability of the ELISA for benalaxyl quantification in wine was also studied. Therefore, samples were spiked with benalaxyl in the 0.5-200 mug/l range and directly analyzed without any pretreatment other than a 1 3 dilution in PBS to minimize matrix effects. Good accuracy and precision were obtained with recoveries ranging from about 80% to 120% in a working range of 2-50 mug/l. No false positive was found
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G. Giraudi; I. Rosso; C. Baggiani; C. Giovannoli; A. Vanni; G. Grassi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/40413
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