Noonan syndrome (NS, OMIM 163950) is an autosomal dominant disorder, with a prevalence at birth of 1:1000-1:2500 live births, characterized by short stature, facial and skeletal dysmorphisms, cardiovascular defects and haematological anomalies. Missense mutations of PTPN11 gene account for approximately 50% of NS cases, while molecular lesions of other genes of the RAS/MAPK pathway -KRAS, SOS1 and RAF1 - play a minor role in the molecular pathogenesis of the disease. Forty patients were enrolled in the study with a PTPN11 mutation detection rate of 31.5%, including a novel missense mutation, Phe285Ile, in a familial case with high intrafamilial phenotypic variability. All patients negative for PTPN11 mutations were further screened for mutations of the KRAS, SOS1, and RAF1 genes, revealing a Thr266Lys substitution in SOS1 in a single patient, a newborn with a subtle phenotype, characterized by facial dysmorphisms and a mild pulmonic stenosis.

Clinical and molecolar characterization of 40 patients with Noonan syndrome

FERRERO, Giovanni Battista;BALDASSARRE, GIUSEPPINA;BIAMINO, ELISA;CIRILLO, Margherita
2008

Abstract

Noonan syndrome (NS, OMIM 163950) is an autosomal dominant disorder, with a prevalence at birth of 1:1000-1:2500 live births, characterized by short stature, facial and skeletal dysmorphisms, cardiovascular defects and haematological anomalies. Missense mutations of PTPN11 gene account for approximately 50% of NS cases, while molecular lesions of other genes of the RAS/MAPK pathway -KRAS, SOS1 and RAF1 - play a minor role in the molecular pathogenesis of the disease. Forty patients were enrolled in the study with a PTPN11 mutation detection rate of 31.5%, including a novel missense mutation, Phe285Ile, in a familial case with high intrafamilial phenotypic variability. All patients negative for PTPN11 mutations were further screened for mutations of the KRAS, SOS1, and RAF1 genes, revealing a Thr266Lys substitution in SOS1 in a single patient, a newborn with a subtle phenotype, characterized by facial dysmorphisms and a mild pulmonic stenosis.
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Ferrero GB; Baldassarre G; Delmonaco AG; Biamino E; Banaudi E; Carta C; Rossi C; Silengo M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/45105
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