The present work aims to investigate the relation between appraisals, emotions, and emotion regulation strategies by creating a structural equation model which integrates these three aspects of the emotion process. To reach this aim, Italian students (N = 610) confronted with their high school diploma examination completed a questionnaire three weeks before the beginning of the exam. Results showed that they experienced primarily three types of emotions - anxiety/fear, frustration/powerlessness, positive emotions - which were related to specific appraisal profiles. Importantly, these appraisal profiles and emotions were associated with the use of different strategies for regulating emotions: anxiety/fear was associated with focusing on the exam, drug use, and an inability to distance oneself from the exam; frustration/powerlessness, with use of suppression, distancing, and drugs; positive emotion, with reappraisal and problem focused strategies. The effectiveness of these different strategies will be discussed.

Appraisals, Emotions and Emotion Regulation: AnIntegrative Approach

SCHMIDT, Susanna;TINTI, Carla;TESTA, Silvia
2010

Abstract

The present work aims to investigate the relation between appraisals, emotions, and emotion regulation strategies by creating a structural equation model which integrates these three aspects of the emotion process. To reach this aim, Italian students (N = 610) confronted with their high school diploma examination completed a questionnaire three weeks before the beginning of the exam. Results showed that they experienced primarily three types of emotions - anxiety/fear, frustration/powerlessness, positive emotions - which were related to specific appraisal profiles. Importantly, these appraisal profiles and emotions were associated with the use of different strategies for regulating emotions: anxiety/fear was associated with focusing on the exam, drug use, and an inability to distance oneself from the exam; frustration/powerlessness, with use of suppression, distancing, and drugs; positive emotion, with reappraisal and problem focused strategies. The effectiveness of these different strategies will be discussed.
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63
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appraisal; emotions; emotion regulation strategies
Schmidt S.; Tinti C.; Levine J. L.; Testa S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/71159
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