High-throughput experiments are becoming standard techniques used in molecular biology. The necessity to extrapolate knowledge from this huge volume of data (such as regulative molules and gene activities) motivated the recent development of several gene similarity measures that operate on the Gene Ontology (GO). However, the main goal in the design of the GO is the definition of a structured vocabulary for genes description. In contrast, functional similarity measures would benefit from a structure purposely built to emphasizes genes involved in the same biological context. As a consequence such measures often find it difficult to fully exploit the information in the GO. For this purpouse we introduce a technique for reorganizing the GO so to emphasize regulative information and to provide better structure for gene functional analysis by means of similarity measures. We call the new structure Restructured GO (RGO). The RGO is a weighted direct acyclic graph. It is composed by three interconnected sub-ontologies representing (as in the GO) the three aspects of genes/proteins functions: the Biological Process (RGO:BP) sub-ontology describes the molecular events at the gene/protein level; the Molecular Function (RGO:MF) sub-ontology indicates the biochemical activities of a gene product; the Cellular Component (RGO:CC) sub-ontology details the cellular places where the gene product is active. The RGO improves over the existing GO since: it emphasizes the regulative connections between the GO terms; it links together the different sub-ontologies so to gain a global view of biological mechanisms. RGO is currently based on gene ontology database published by the gene ontology consortium in March 2010.

RGO

VISCONTI, ALESSIA;ESPOSITO, Roberto;CORDERO, Francesca
2011

Abstract

High-throughput experiments are becoming standard techniques used in molecular biology. The necessity to extrapolate knowledge from this huge volume of data (such as regulative molules and gene activities) motivated the recent development of several gene similarity measures that operate on the Gene Ontology (GO). However, the main goal in the design of the GO is the definition of a structured vocabulary for genes description. In contrast, functional similarity measures would benefit from a structure purposely built to emphasizes genes involved in the same biological context. As a consequence such measures often find it difficult to fully exploit the information in the GO. For this purpouse we introduce a technique for reorganizing the GO so to emphasize regulative information and to provide better structure for gene functional analysis by means of similarity measures. We call the new structure Restructured GO (RGO). The RGO is a weighted direct acyclic graph. It is composed by three interconnected sub-ontologies representing (as in the GO) the three aspects of genes/proteins functions: the Biological Process (RGO:BP) sub-ontology describes the molecular events at the gene/protein level; the Molecular Function (RGO:MF) sub-ontology indicates the biochemical activities of a gene product; the Cellular Component (RGO:CC) sub-ontology details the cellular places where the gene product is active. The RGO improves over the existing GO since: it emphasizes the regulative connections between the GO terms; it links together the different sub-ontologies so to gain a global view of biological mechanisms. RGO is currently based on gene ontology database published by the gene ontology consortium in March 2010.
1.0
Dipartimento di InformaticaUniversità di Torino
http://compbio.di.unito.it/tools/RGO/index.html
Gene Ontology; Distance Measures
Alessia Visconti; Roberto Esposito; Francesca Cordero
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/91761
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact