Background Recent studies suggested a potential association between both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism and migraine. Aims of this study were to estimate the comorbidity of migraine in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism and to evaluate associated clinical characteristics. Methods Using a case-control strategy, 151 consecutive subclinical hypothyroidism patients (mean age 48.36 ± 15.86 years) and 150 controls (mean age 50.86 ± 9.19 years) were recruited. In all subjects, migraine characteristics were collected through a direct interview. Clinical and biochemical parameters (thyroid-stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and anti-thyroid antibodies) were compared between subclinical hypothyroidism patients in comorbidity with migraine and subclinical hypothyroidism patients without migraine. Results The prevalence of lifetime migraine was significantly higher in subclinical hypothyroidism patients in comparison with controls (46% vs. 13%, p < 0.001; OR 5.80; 95% CI = 3.35-10.34). Both migraine without and with aura were significantly higher in subclinical hypothyroidism patients than controls ( p < 0.001 and p = 0.010, respectively). Thyroid hormones and concentrations of antibodies did not differ between subclinical hypothyroidism patients with and without migraine. Interestingly, a comorbidity for autoimmune diseases was observed in subclinical hypothyroidism patients with migraine in respect to those without migraine ( p = 0.005). Conclusions Our data suggest that migraine is more frequent in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism in respect to controls. Further studies are needed in order to confirm this association.

Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with migraine: A case-control study

Elisa Rubino;Innocenzo Rainero;GARINO, Francesca;VICENTINI, COSTANZA;Flora Govone;Alessandro Vacca;Annalisa Gai;RAGAZZONI DI SANT'ODORICO, FEDERICO;Lorenzo Pinessi;Maria Teresa Giordana;Paolo Limone
2018

Abstract

Background Recent studies suggested a potential association between both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism and migraine. Aims of this study were to estimate the comorbidity of migraine in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism and to evaluate associated clinical characteristics. Methods Using a case-control strategy, 151 consecutive subclinical hypothyroidism patients (mean age 48.36 ± 15.86 years) and 150 controls (mean age 50.86 ± 9.19 years) were recruited. In all subjects, migraine characteristics were collected through a direct interview. Clinical and biochemical parameters (thyroid-stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and anti-thyroid antibodies) were compared between subclinical hypothyroidism patients in comorbidity with migraine and subclinical hypothyroidism patients without migraine. Results The prevalence of lifetime migraine was significantly higher in subclinical hypothyroidism patients in comparison with controls (46% vs. 13%, p < 0.001; OR 5.80; 95% CI = 3.35-10.34). Both migraine without and with aura were significantly higher in subclinical hypothyroidism patients than controls ( p < 0.001 and p = 0.010, respectively). Thyroid hormones and concentrations of antibodies did not differ between subclinical hypothyroidism patients with and without migraine. Interestingly, a comorbidity for autoimmune diseases was observed in subclinical hypothyroidism patients with migraine in respect to those without migraine ( p = 0.005). Conclusions Our data suggest that migraine is more frequent in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism in respect to controls. Further studies are needed in order to confirm this association.
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https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0333102418769917?rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed&url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&journalCode=cepa
Subclinical hypothyroidism; autoimmune diseases; migraine; migraine with aura; migraine without aura
Elisa Rubino, Innocenzo Rainero, Francesca Garino, Costanza Vicentini, Flora Govone, Alessandro Vacca, Annalisa Gai, Salvatore Gentile, Guido Govone, Federico Ragazzoni, Lorenzo Pinessi, Maria Teresa Giordana, Paolo Limone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1677460
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