The formation of rifted continental margin by extension of continental lithosphere, leading to seafloor spreading, is a meaningful component of the plate tectonic cycle. Nevertheless, the discrimination on the role played by structural inheritances in controlling the tectonic evolution and structural deformation pattern of lithosphere and the onset of rifting stage can be difficult to decipher. In fact, polyphasic tectonic, inherited structures may be commonly (i) reactivated, and/or (ii) masked by thick sedimentary and/or magmatic sequences that prevent detailed observation on pre-rift crustal architectures. Through multiscale, field- and laboratorybased structural studies (from geological map scale to mesoscale and scanning electron microscope scale), and re-definition of the stratigraphic succession, we document the internal architecture, tectono-stratigraphic setting and geological evolution of the Canavese Zone (Western Alps), which represents the remnant of stretching, thinning and dismemberment of the distal passive margin of Adria, occurred during the opening of the Alpine Tethys. We document that the continental break-up of Pangea and tectonic dismemberment of the distal margin of Adria, up to Alpine Tethyan mantle rocks exhumation, did not simply result from the syn-rift Jurassic extension but was strongly favored by older structural inheritances (Late Carboniferous to Early Triassic regional-scale wrench faults; see Festa et al., 2019 for further details), which controlled earlier lithospheric weakness, as also suggested for other sectors of the Southern Alps (e.g., Roda et al., 2018). This should be taken in consideration in models aimed to understand processes and mechanisms of progressive stretching and lithospheric thinning, driving to the sharp decrease in crustal thickness and strong decoupling between upper crust and continental mantle, up to continental breakup and mantle exhumation of the Jurassic Alpine Tethys.

Role of Late Carboniferous - Early Triassic structural inheritance in the continental break-up of Pangea and exhumation of the Alpine Tethyan mantle: insights from the Canavese Zone, Western Alps

Andrea Succo;Andrea Festa;Gianni Balestro;Alessandro Borghi;Sara De Caroli
2019-01-01

Abstract

The formation of rifted continental margin by extension of continental lithosphere, leading to seafloor spreading, is a meaningful component of the plate tectonic cycle. Nevertheless, the discrimination on the role played by structural inheritances in controlling the tectonic evolution and structural deformation pattern of lithosphere and the onset of rifting stage can be difficult to decipher. In fact, polyphasic tectonic, inherited structures may be commonly (i) reactivated, and/or (ii) masked by thick sedimentary and/or magmatic sequences that prevent detailed observation on pre-rift crustal architectures. Through multiscale, field- and laboratorybased structural studies (from geological map scale to mesoscale and scanning electron microscope scale), and re-definition of the stratigraphic succession, we document the internal architecture, tectono-stratigraphic setting and geological evolution of the Canavese Zone (Western Alps), which represents the remnant of stretching, thinning and dismemberment of the distal passive margin of Adria, occurred during the opening of the Alpine Tethys. We document that the continental break-up of Pangea and tectonic dismemberment of the distal margin of Adria, up to Alpine Tethyan mantle rocks exhumation, did not simply result from the syn-rift Jurassic extension but was strongly favored by older structural inheritances (Late Carboniferous to Early Triassic regional-scale wrench faults; see Festa et al., 2019 for further details), which controlled earlier lithospheric weakness, as also suggested for other sectors of the Southern Alps (e.g., Roda et al., 2018). This should be taken in consideration in models aimed to understand processes and mechanisms of progressive stretching and lithospheric thinning, driving to the sharp decrease in crustal thickness and strong decoupling between upper crust and continental mantle, up to continental breakup and mantle exhumation of the Jurassic Alpine Tethys.
Il tempo del pianeta Terra e il tempo dell’uomo: Le geoscienze fra passato e futuro
Parma
16-19 Settembre 2019
ABSTRACT BOOK
Società Geologica Italiana
241
241
structural inheritance, Alpine Tethys, continental break-up
Andrea Succo, Andrea Festa, Gianni Balestro, Alessandro Borghi, Sara De Caroli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1713142
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