TiO2 is broadly used in a wide range of applications such as photocatalysis, pigments and additives. Despite the promising commercial opportunities, different studies have shown that TiO2 can induce oxidative stress, inflammatory and genotoxic effects. The European Union has classified certain titanium dioxide powders and powder mixtures containing TiO2 as a suspected carcinogen (Category 2) via inhalation. Considering that the information about the potential adverse health effects of TiO2 in occupational environment are still scarce and controversial, the purpose of the study was to investigate the genotoxic effects and oxidative stress in workers exposed to TiO2 during paint production. Biomarkers of early effect (DNA damage and micronuclei) were evaluated in the buccal cells and salivary leucocytes of 30 workers (15 production workers and 15 controls). To collect information about personal details, occupational history, medication, smoking, diet, physical activity, a questionnaire was administered to all workers. Personal and area monitoring have been carried out to determine airborne inhalable and respirable fraction of TiO2; a NanoTracer was used to monitor the presence of ultrafine particles. In spite of the low mass concentration and a mild percentage of nanoparticles, filter deposited TiO2 was in sub-micron size, thus accounting for its respirability. Preliminary results on salivary leucocytes show a slight higher DNA damage in the exposed workers as compared to the controls. Whereas biomarker assessment is still in progress, these preliminary findings show that workers are exposed to low but measurable levels of TiO2 able to induce a mild genotoxic damage. A combined approach using both personal exposure assessment and biomonitoring can improve the risk assessment in occupational settings in which TiO2 is handled. Moreover, this also suggest to take precautionary measure during specific activities and operational phases thus decreasing the risks for workers.

Genotoxic damage in workers exposed to pigmentgrade titanium dioxide (TiO2) during paint production

Bonetta, S;Macri', M.;Bonetta, S;Fenoglio, I;Bergamaschi, E;Carraro, E
2020

Abstract

TiO2 is broadly used in a wide range of applications such as photocatalysis, pigments and additives. Despite the promising commercial opportunities, different studies have shown that TiO2 can induce oxidative stress, inflammatory and genotoxic effects. The European Union has classified certain titanium dioxide powders and powder mixtures containing TiO2 as a suspected carcinogen (Category 2) via inhalation. Considering that the information about the potential adverse health effects of TiO2 in occupational environment are still scarce and controversial, the purpose of the study was to investigate the genotoxic effects and oxidative stress in workers exposed to TiO2 during paint production. Biomarkers of early effect (DNA damage and micronuclei) were evaluated in the buccal cells and salivary leucocytes of 30 workers (15 production workers and 15 controls). To collect information about personal details, occupational history, medication, smoking, diet, physical activity, a questionnaire was administered to all workers. Personal and area monitoring have been carried out to determine airborne inhalable and respirable fraction of TiO2; a NanoTracer was used to monitor the presence of ultrafine particles. In spite of the low mass concentration and a mild percentage of nanoparticles, filter deposited TiO2 was in sub-micron size, thus accounting for its respirability. Preliminary results on salivary leucocytes show a slight higher DNA damage in the exposed workers as compared to the controls. Whereas biomarker assessment is still in progress, these preliminary findings show that workers are exposed to low but measurable levels of TiO2 able to induce a mild genotoxic damage. A combined approach using both personal exposure assessment and biomonitoring can improve the risk assessment in occupational settings in which TiO2 is handled. Moreover, this also suggest to take precautionary measure during specific activities and operational phases thus decreasing the risks for workers.
16th World Congress on Public Health
Virtual Edition
12-16 October 2020
30
1041
1042
https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article/30/Supplement_5/ckaa166.1370/5915570
Bonetta, S; Macri', M.; Acito, M; Bonetta, S; Castrignano, G; Fenoglio, I; Bergamaschi, E; Carraro, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1856852
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