Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) potential in the food industry and in the biotechnological sector is a well-established interest. LAB potential in counteracting especially food-borne infections has received growing attention, but despite being a road full of promises is yet poorly explored. Furthermore, the ability of LAB to produce antimicrobial compounds, both by ribosomal synthesis and by decrypting them from proteins, is of high value when considering the growing impact of multidrug resistant strains. The antimicrobial potential of 14 food-derived lactic acid bacteria strains has been investigated in this study. Among them, four strains were able to counteract Listeria monocytogenes growth: Lactococcus lactis SN12 and L. lactis SN17 by high lactic acid production, whereas L. lactis 41FLL3 and Lactobacillus sakei I151 by Nisin Z and Sakacin P production, respectively. Strains Lactococcus lactis MG1363, Lactobacillus rhamnosus 17D10 and Lactobacillus helveticus 4D5 were tested and selected for their potential attitude to hydrolyze caseins. All the strains were able to release bioactive peptides with already known antimicrobial, antihypertensive and opioid activities. These features render these strains or their bioactive molecules suitable for use in food as biocontrol agents, or as nutraceutical supplements to treat mild disorders such as moderate hypertension and children insomnia. These results highlight once again that LAB potential in ensuring food safety, food nutraceutical value and ultimately in favoring human health is still underexplored and underexploited.

Antimicrobial potential of food lactic acid bacteria: Bioactive peptide decrypting from caseins and bacteriocin production

Nebbia S.;Lamberti C.;Lo Bianco G.;Cirrincione S.
;
Cavallarin L.;Pessione E.
2021

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) potential in the food industry and in the biotechnological sector is a well-established interest. LAB potential in counteracting especially food-borne infections has received growing attention, but despite being a road full of promises is yet poorly explored. Furthermore, the ability of LAB to produce antimicrobial compounds, both by ribosomal synthesis and by decrypting them from proteins, is of high value when considering the growing impact of multidrug resistant strains. The antimicrobial potential of 14 food-derived lactic acid bacteria strains has been investigated in this study. Among them, four strains were able to counteract Listeria monocytogenes growth: Lactococcus lactis SN12 and L. lactis SN17 by high lactic acid production, whereas L. lactis 41FLL3 and Lactobacillus sakei I151 by Nisin Z and Sakacin P production, respectively. Strains Lactococcus lactis MG1363, Lactobacillus rhamnosus 17D10 and Lactobacillus helveticus 4D5 were tested and selected for their potential attitude to hydrolyze caseins. All the strains were able to release bioactive peptides with already known antimicrobial, antihypertensive and opioid activities. These features render these strains or their bioactive molecules suitable for use in food as biocontrol agents, or as nutraceutical supplements to treat mild disorders such as moderate hypertension and children insomnia. These results highlight once again that LAB potential in ensuring food safety, food nutraceutical value and ultimately in favoring human health is still underexplored and underexploited.
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Antimicrobial peptides; Casein; Lactic acid; Lactobacillus helveticus 4D5; Lactobacillus rhamnosus 17D10; Lactococcus lactis; Mass spectrometry; Nisin Z. Lactobacillus sakei I151; Sakacin
Nebbia S.; Lamberti C.; Lo Bianco G.; Cirrincione S.; Laroute V.; Cocaign-Bousquet M.; Cavallarin L.; Giuffrida M.G.; Pessione E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1768982
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