Worldwide the interest for biological control of food spoilage microorganisms has significantly increased over the last decade. Wine makes no exception to this trend, as consumer demands for wines free of preservatives that are considered negative for human health, increase. Biological control during wine fermentation aims at producing high quality wines, while minimizing, or even eliminating, the use of chemical additives. Its success lies in the inoculation of microorganisms to prevent, inhibit or kill undesired microbes, therefore maintaining wine spoilage at the lowest level. The food industry already makes use of this practice, with dedicated commercial microbes already on the market. In winemaking, there are commercial microbes currently under investigation, particularly with the aim to reduce or replace the use of sulphur dioxide. In this review, the potential of wine yeasts and lactic acid bacteria as bioprotection agents and their mechanisms of action during wine fermentation are presented.

Bioprotection strategies in winemaking

Paola Di Gianvito
First
;
Vasileios Englezos;Kalliopi Rantsiou;Luca Cocolin
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

Worldwide the interest for biological control of food spoilage microorganisms has significantly increased over the last decade. Wine makes no exception to this trend, as consumer demands for wines free of preservatives that are considered negative for human health, increase. Biological control during wine fermentation aims at producing high quality wines, while minimizing, or even eliminating, the use of chemical additives. Its success lies in the inoculation of microorganisms to prevent, inhibit or kill undesired microbes, therefore maintaining wine spoilage at the lowest level. The food industry already makes use of this practice, with dedicated commercial microbes already on the market. In winemaking, there are commercial microbes currently under investigation, particularly with the aim to reduce or replace the use of sulphur dioxide. In this review, the potential of wine yeasts and lactic acid bacteria as bioprotection agents and their mechanisms of action during wine fermentation are presented.
2022
364
109532
109532
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168160522000034?via=ihub
Bioprotection mechanisms, Wine fermentation, Antagonism strategies, Competition strategies, Yeasts, Lactic acid bacteria
Paola Di Gianvito, Vasileios Englezos, Kalliopi Rantsiou, Luca Cocolin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1851245
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