Edible nuts and dried fruits, usually traded together in the global market, are one of the cornerstones of the Mediterranean diet representing a source of essential nutrients and bioactives. The food industry has an interest in the selection of high-quality materials for new product devel- opment while also matching consumers’ expectations in terms of sensory quality. In this study, wal- nuts (Juglans regia), almonds (Prunus dulcis), and dried pineapples (Ananas comosus) are selected as food models to develop an integrated analytical strategy for the informative volatile organic com- pounds (VOCs) quali- and quantitative profiling. The study deals with VOCs monitoring over time (12 months) and in the function of storage conditions (temperature and atmosphere).VOCs are tar- geted within those: (i) with a role in the product’s aroma blueprint (i.e., key-aromas and potent odorants); (ii) responsible for sensory degradation (i.e., rancidity); and/or (iii) formed by lipid au- toxidation process. By accurate quantitative determination of volatile lipid oxidation markers (i.e., hexanal, heptanal, octanal, nonanal, decanal, (E)-2-heptenal, (E)-2-octenal, (E)-2-nonenal) product quality benchmarking is achieved. The combination of detailed VOCs profiling by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC- MS) and accurate quantification of rancidity markers by multiple headspace-SPME (MHS-SPME) answers many different questions about shelf-life (i.e., aroma, storage stability, impact of tempera- ture and storage atmosphere, rancidity level), while providing reliable and robust data for long- range studies and quality controls. The quantification associated with HS-SPME profiling is demon- strated and critically commented on to help the industrial research in a better understanding of the most suitable analytical strategies for supporting primary materials selection and new product de- velopment.

Integrated Strategy for Informative Profiling and Accurate Quantification of Key-Volatiles in Dried Fruits and Nuts: An Industrial Quality Control Perspective

Andrea Caratti;Simone Squara;Federico Stilo;Sonia Battaglino;Erica Liberto;Carlo Bicchi;Chiara Cordero
2022-01-01

Abstract

Edible nuts and dried fruits, usually traded together in the global market, are one of the cornerstones of the Mediterranean diet representing a source of essential nutrients and bioactives. The food industry has an interest in the selection of high-quality materials for new product devel- opment while also matching consumers’ expectations in terms of sensory quality. In this study, wal- nuts (Juglans regia), almonds (Prunus dulcis), and dried pineapples (Ananas comosus) are selected as food models to develop an integrated analytical strategy for the informative volatile organic com- pounds (VOCs) quali- and quantitative profiling. The study deals with VOCs monitoring over time (12 months) and in the function of storage conditions (temperature and atmosphere).VOCs are tar- geted within those: (i) with a role in the product’s aroma blueprint (i.e., key-aromas and potent odorants); (ii) responsible for sensory degradation (i.e., rancidity); and/or (iii) formed by lipid au- toxidation process. By accurate quantitative determination of volatile lipid oxidation markers (i.e., hexanal, heptanal, octanal, nonanal, decanal, (E)-2-heptenal, (E)-2-octenal, (E)-2-nonenal) product quality benchmarking is achieved. The combination of detailed VOCs profiling by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC- MS) and accurate quantification of rancidity markers by multiple headspace-SPME (MHS-SPME) answers many different questions about shelf-life (i.e., aroma, storage stability, impact of tempera- ture and storage atmosphere, rancidity level), while providing reliable and robust data for long- range studies and quality controls. The quantification associated with HS-SPME profiling is demon- strated and critically commented on to help the industrial research in a better understanding of the most suitable analytical strategies for supporting primary materials selection and new product de- velopment.
2022
11
3111
1
25
https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/11/19/3111/pdf
volatile organic compounds; GC-MS; MHS-SPME sampling; accurate quantification of volatiles; dried fruits and nuts; aroma blueprint
Andrea Caratti, Simone Squara, Federico Stilo, Sonia Battaglino, Erica Liberto, Irene Cincera, Giuseppe Genova, Nicola Spigolon, Carlo Bicchi, Chiara Cordero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1876018
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